Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) Effects on Psychoimmunological Factors of Chemically Pulmonary Injured Veterans.
2015: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology
Mixed effect linear models indicated that EFT improved mental health and health-related quality of life, decreased somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction, frequency and severity of respiratory symptoms, and increased lymphocyte proliferation with nonspecific mitogens Concanavalin A and Phytohemagglutinin (PHA), and peripheral blood IL-17. This study provides an initial indication that EFT may be a new therapeutic approach for improving psychological and immunological factors.
EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques) and Resiliency in Veterans at Risk for PTSD: A Randomized Controlled Trial
2016: The Journal of Science and Healing
Symptom improvements were similar to those assessed in studies of PTSD-positive veterans. EFT may thus be protective against an increase in symptoms and a later PTSD diagnosis. As a simple and quickly learned self-help method, EFT may be a clinically useful element of a resiliency program for veterans and active-duty warriors.
A Randomized Controlled Comparison of Emotional Freedom Technique and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy to Reduce Adolescent Anxiety: A Pilot Study.
2016: From The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
Author Information - Gaesser AH1, Karan OC2.
RESULTS: EFT participants showed significant reduction in anxiety levels compared with the waitlist control group with a moderate to large effect size. CBT participants (n = 21; M = 54.82, SD = 5.81) showed reduction in anxiety but did not differ significantly from the EFT or control.
CONCLUSIONS: EFT is an efficacious intervention to significantly reduce anxiety for high-ability adolescents.
Randomised Controlled Study Comparing Two Psychological Therapies for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) vs. Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET)
2015: Journal of Traumatic Stress Disorders & Treatment
Author Information - Ashraf Al-Hadethe. Division of Psychiatry and Applied Psychology, School of Medicine, The University of Nottingham, UK
These changes of PTSD, PTSD clusters, anxiety and depression remained stable for 3, 6 and 12 month follow-ups in EFT group, while these changes were unstable during the follow-ups. Measures of coping strategies showed that seeking support and active coping improved since the interventions. In conclusion, both EFT and NET showed their effectiveness among traumatised Iraqi people.
Don't stress: What do we really know about teaching gifted children to cope with stress and anxiety?
2016: Journal - Gifted and Talented International
Author Information - Steve Haberlin. Elementary Education, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA
The few interventions conducted, such as Gaesser's (2014) work using Cognitive Behavioral and Emotional Freedom techniques with gifted students, have demonstrated promising results. Recommendations include offering incentives in the form of grants and funding to researchers interested in investigating intervention outcomes and investigating stress-reducing methods and approaches, such as mindfulness, which have shown positive impact.
The Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Emotional Freedom Techniques in Reducing Depression and Anxiety Among Adults: A Pilot Study
2016: The Journal of Integrative Medicine
Author Information - Hannah Chatwin Senior Research Assistanct at Bond University, Australia.
Results: Findings revealed that both treatment approaches produced significant reductions in depressive symptoms, with the CBT group reporting a significant reduction postintervention, which was not maintained with time. The EFT group reported a delayed effect involving a significant reduction in symptoms at the 3- and 6-mo follow-ups only. Examination of the individual cases revealed clinically significant improvements in anxiety across both interventions.
Conclusions: Overall, the findings provide evidence to suggest that EFT might be an effective treatment strategy worthy of further investigation.
Food for Thought: A Randomised Controlled Trial of Emotional Freedom Techniques and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in the Treatment of Food Cravings
2016: The International Association of Applied Psychology
Author Information - Bond University, Australia and The Lakeside Rooms, Robina, Queensland, Australia. Address for correspondence: Peta Stapleton, School of Psychology, Bond University, Gold Coast, Queensland, 4229, Australia.
Overall, EFT and CBT demonstrated comparable efficacy in reducing food cravings, one's responsiveness to food in the environment (power of food), and dietary restraint, with Cohen's effect size values suggesting moderate to high practical significance for both interventions. Results also revealed that both EFT and CBT are capable of producing treatment effects that are clinically meaningful, with reductions in food cravings, the power of food, and dietary restraint normalising to the scores of a non-clinical community sample. While reductions in BMI were not observed, the current study supports the suggestion that psychological interventions are beneficial for food cravings and both CBT and EFT could serve as vital adjunct tools in a multidisciplinary approach to managing obesity.
Effect of the emotional freedom technique on perceived stress, quality of life, and cortisol salivary levels in tension-type headache sufferers: a randomized controlled trial.
2013: Explore (NY)
Postgraduate Course Stress Management and Health Promotion, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Athens, Greece.
RESULTS: Within the treatment arm, perceived stress, scores for all Short-Form questionnaire-36 subscales, and the frequency and intensity of the headache episodes were all significantly reduced. No differences in cortisol levels were found in any group before and after the intervention.
CONCLUSIONS: EFT was reported to benefit patients with TTH. This randomized controlled trial shows promising results for not only the frequency and severity of headaches but also other lifestyle parameters.
The effect of emotional freedom technique on stress and anxiety in nursing students: A pilot study.
2016: Journal Nurse Educ Today
Carolinas College of Health Sciences, Charlotte, NC, USA. Electronic address: Susan.email@example.com.
RESULTS: Decreases in anxiety as measured on both the STAI and PSS were statistically significant (p=.05). For PSS, STAI state and trait data, the reduction in self-reported stress was statistically significant with a mean difference baseline to week 4. Qualitative data suggested that nursing students experienced a decrease in feelings of stress and anxiety including a decrease in somatic symptoms.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, findings suggested that EFT can be an effective tool for stress management and anxiety relief in nursing students.
Anxiety and Anger Symptoms in Hwabyung Patients Improved More with EFT
2015. The Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Jin Woo Suh, Sun Yong Chung, Sang Young Kim, Jung Hwan Lee, and Jong Woo Kim
Quote: Over the entire 9-week interval, there were significant decreases in the HB symptom scale, anxiety state, anger state, anger trait, somatization, anxiety, hostility, and so on in EFT group (p < 0.05). Conclusion. The EFT group showed improved psychological symptoms and physical symptoms greater than those observed in the PMR group. EFT more effectively alleviated HB symptoms compared to PMR. EFT group showed better maintenance during self-training, suggesting good model of self-control treatment in HB patients.
Emotional Freedom Techniques for Anxiety: A Systematic Review With Meta-analysis
2016. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease.
Ben Gurion University, Medical School for International Health, Beersheva, Israel
Quote: Emotional freedom technique treatment demonstrated a significant decrease in anxiety scores, even when accounting for the effect size of control treatment.
THE IMPACT OF EFT AND MATRIX REIMPRINTING ON THE CIVILIAN SURVIVORS OF WAR IN BOSNIA: A PILOT STUDY
2014. Current Research in Psychology 5 (1): 65-73
Boath, E., T. Stewart and C. Rolling
Read the Study
A narrative systematic review of the effectiveness of Emotional Freedoms Technique (EFT)
2012. Staffordshire University, CPSI Monograph.
Boath, E., Stewart, T & Carryer A.
Link: Review of the Effectiveness of EFT
Tapping for PEAS: Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT ) in reducing Presentation Expression Anxiety Syndrome (PEAS) in University students
2012. Innovative Practice in Higher Education, 1(2), 1-12.
Boath, E. Stewart, A & Carryer, A
Psychological trauma symptom improvement in veterans using emotional freedom techniques: a randomized controlled trial
J Nerv Ment Dis. 2013 Feb;201(2):153-60. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e31827f6351.
Church D, De Asis MA, Brooks AJ.
Brief group intervention using emotional freedom techniques for depression in college students: a randomized controlled trial
Depress Res Treat. 2012;2012:257172. doi: 10.1155/2012/257172. Epub 2012 Jul 17.
Stapleton P, Church D, Sheldon T, Porter B, Carlopio C.
Depression symptoms improve after successful weight loss with emotional freedom techniques
ISRN Psychiatry. 2013 Jul 28;2013:573532. doi: 10.1155/2013/573532
Church D, Yount G, Brooks AJ.
The effect of emotional freedom techniques on stress biochemistry: a randomized controlled trial
J Nerv Ment Dis. 2012 Oct;200(10):891-6. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e31826b9fc1.
Bougea AM, Spandideas N, Alexopoulos EC, Thomaides T, Chrousos GP, Darviri C.
Effect of the emotional freedom technique on perceived stress, quality of life, and cortisol salivary levels in tension-type headache sufferers: a randomized controlled trial
Explore (NY). 2013 Mar-Apr;9(2):91-9. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2012.12.005.
Salas MM, Brooks AJ, Rowe JE.
The immediate effect of a brief energy psychology intervention (Emotional Freedom Techniques) on specific phobias: a pilot study
Explore (NY). 2011 May-Jun;7(3):155-61. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2011.02.005.
Wells S, Polglase K, Andrews HB, Carrington P, Baker AH.
Evaluation of a meridian-based intervention, Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT), for reducing specific phobias of small animals.
J Clin Psychol. 2003 Sep;59(9):943-66.
Quote: "ANOVAS revealed that EFT produced significantly greater improvement than did diaphragmatic breathing behaviorally and on three self-report measures, but not on pulse rate. The greater improvement for EFT was maintained, and possibly enhanced, at six- to nine-months follow-up on the behavioral measure. These findings suggest that a single treatment session using EFT to reduce specific phobias can produce valid behavioral and subjective effects."
Benor DJ, Ledger K, Toussaint L, Hett G, Zaccaro D.
Pilot study of emotional freedom techniques, wholistic hybrid derived from eye movement desensitization and reprocessing and emotional freedom technique, and cognitive behavioral therapy for treatment of test anxiety in university students
Explore (NY). 2009 Nov-Dec;5(6):338-40. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2009.08.001.
The heart field effect: Synchronization of healer-subject heart rates in energy therapy
Adv Mind Body Med. 2008 Winter;23(4):10-9.
Karatzias T, Power K, Brown K, McGoldrick T, Begum M, Young J, Loughran P, Chouliara Z,
A controlled comparison of the effectiveness and efficiency of two psychological therapies for posttraumatic stress disorder: eye movement desensitization and reprocessing vs. emotional freedom techniques.
J Nerv Ment Dis. 2011 Jun;199(6):372-8. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e31821cd262.
Rapid treatment of PTSD: why psychological exposure with acupoint tapping may be effective
Psychotherapy (Chic). 2010 Sep;47(3):385-402. doi: 10.1037/a0021171.
Facts, paradigms, and anomalies in the acceptance of energy psychology: A rejoinder to McCaslin's (2009) and Pignotti and Thyer's (2009) comments on Feinstein (2008a).
Psychotherapy (Chic). 2009 Jun;46(2):262-9. doi: 10.1037/a0016086.
Feinstein D, Eden D.
Is Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) as effective with Complementary therapy students as Sport Science students?
Submitted to Energy Psychology.
Boath, E. Stewart, A & Carryer, A
Can Matrix Reimprinting using EFT be effective in the treatment of emotional conditions?
A service evaluation in Sandwell. Submitted to Energy Psychology.
Boath, E. Stewart, A & Carryer, A, Walton, I, Hill, L & Dawson, K
Can Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) be effective in the treatment of emotional conditions?
In press. Results of a Service Evaluation in Sandwell. Psychological Therapies in Primary care.
Stewart A, Boath E, Carryer A, Walton I & Hill L
Energy psychology and psychotherapy: A study of the use of energy psychology in psychotherapy practice
Aim: The aim of the study was to increase understanding of how energy psychology informs and affects counselling/psychotherapy practice. By undertaking phenomenological interviews with experienced clinicians, the aim was to enrich and expand on the scientific approaches to energy psychology research. Method: This research is based on in-depth semi-structured interviews using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). Five experienced psychotherapists who are also practitioners of energy psychology were interviewed. Findings: Four main themes emerged from the analysis: energy psychology as a potent intervention that facilitates shifts in emotions, cognitions, behaviours and physiology; the safety of energy psychology techniques; the role of the therapeutic relationship when using energy psychology techniques; and the challenges of integrating energy psychology into the work context, highlighting the need for more complex, systemic models to understand how people experience distress and how change is facilitated.Conclusion: Overall, participants in this study found energy psychology to be a valuable supplement to counselling and psychotherapy. The implications for current practice are discussed.
Mason, Elizabeth (2012)
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